06 julho 2020

Genitive Case




 

GENITIVE CASE

 

ü caso genitivo expressa posse.

the boy's name (the name of the boy)

the car's eyes (the eyes of the cat)

ü É formado pelo acréscimo de 's ao possuidor (pessoa ou animal).

The girl's dress  Charles's car the children's book

ü Quando o substantivo (possuidor) estiver no plural terminado em s, acrescenta-se ape

Wogonsode o m the babies' toys

The girls' room

ü Quando o possuidor for um objeto, usa-se a construção com of the ou a inversão.

The engine of the car is old. The car engine is old.

 

ü Substantivos compostos são tratados como substantivos simples.

my father-in-law's car

ü O cano genitivo também é usado para se referir a lugares.

I'm going to Grandma's. (Grandma's house)

He's going to the baker's. (the baker's shop)

ü Pode-se usar o caso genitivo para indicar coisas personificadas ou dignificadas.

the beauty's queen

ü Quando há mais de um possuidor:

o  para indicar posse comum, apenas o último possuidor recebe o

Sally and Susan's car (o mesmo carro)

the earth's surface genitivo.

o  para indicar posse individual, usa-se o genitivo para cada um dos possuidores

Bob's and Jane's fathers (pais diferentes)

 

 

I. Supply or 's. 

 

1. Don. _____ car is in the garage. 

2. Mr. _____ Simpson 5, secretary is outside. 

3. They sell ladies _____  hats in this store. 

4. The doctor _____  wife is very gentle. 

5. The women _____  husbands are late. 

6. My friends _____  sisters are beautiful. 

7. We love Grandma _____  cakes. 

8. The engineer _____  glasses are broken. 

9. I don't like boys. _____  shoes. 

10. Bring the child _____  toy.

 

II. Rewrite the sentences. 

 

The skirts of the women are black.

____________________________________________________.

 

The tail of the horse is long. The horse t is long.

____________________________________________________.

        

The books of the students are old. The students' books are old.

____________________________________________________.

 

The toys of the babies are red and white. ____________________________________________________.

 

The babies toys are red and white.

____________________________________________________.

 

The hat of Mrs. Smith is funny, Mrs. Smith's hat is funny 

____________________________________________________.

 

The dress of my aunt is new. My auntr's dress is new.

____________________________________________________.

 

The leg of the table is broken, The table leg is broken. 

____________________________________________________.

 

IIl Tick ( ok  ) the correct sentences and rewrite the wrong ones. 

 

1.   Sally closed the house's window

___________________________________________________.

 

2.   The students' cat is sleeping now. 

____________________________________________________.

 

3.   The name of the substance is Sodium.

____________________________________________________.

 

4.   Coat's John is there. John's coat is mere. 

____________________________________________________.

 

5.   The farm's gate is opened

____________________________________________________.

 

6.   My uncle car is old.

____________________________________________________.

 

IV. Complete the sentences. Use the genitive case. 

 

1.   (The boy and the girl / trousers)

________________ are dirty.

 

2.   (John and Alice /mother)

John and Alice's mother Do you know 

 

3.   (at Bob)

We can meet them at Bob's

 

4.   (your father-in-law/ car)

Can you drive your father-in-law's car

 

5.   (dentist)

She is going to the dentist's

 

6.   (their wives / presents) t

heir wives presents on They were buying

 

7.   (women / clothes)

They sell wormen's clothes 

 

8.   (the princess / crown)

She is wearing the princess's crown

 


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